What’s your diabetes knowledge?
Indicate whether the following statements are true or false.
- Glucose is found in blood only.
- Insulin is a hormone normally released into the blood after eating.
- Type 1 diabetes is a lifestyle disease.
- In type 2 diabetes, the body may stop responding to insulin properly.
- Being overweight does not increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- You can develop type 2 diabetes without experiencing obvious symptoms.
- Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- People with diabetes should avoid sugary food and drink.
- Type 2 diabetes always requires medication.
- Gestational diabetes goes away after pregnancy.
- Glucose is a sugar obtained from food and drink, and used by the body for energy.
- Insulin helps to move glucose from the food and drink we consume into cells for use as energy.
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which pancreatic cells do not make insulin because they’ve been destroyed by the immune system. However, a healthful lifestyle is important in managing type 1 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes may be diagnosed if pancreatic cells do not make enough insulin (reduced insulin production), and/or insulin doesn’t work well, and/or the body does not respond to insulin properly (insulin resistance).
- Type 2 diabetes risk increases with overweight, obesity, and other lifestyle factors, including high blood pressure, insufficient physical activity and poor diet.
- A person can gradually develop type 2 diabetes symptoms, many of which are subtle, including increased thirst, hunger or urination, fatigue, blurred vision, and poor wound healing.
- Type 2 diabetes can change chemical substances in blood, resulting in narrowed or clogged blood vessels and, ultimately, cardiovascular disease.
- Although sugar can raise blood glucose levels, it can be consumed in moderation as part of a diabetes management plan.
- In some cases, people with type 2 diabetes can manage blood glucose levels without medication, but rather, by losing excess weight, exercising regularly and managing their diet, for example.
- Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and usually goes away afterwards. However, it can increase a woman’s risk of future type 2 diabetes.